Obesity: Effects, Causes And Treatment

Obesity and overweight refers to excessive fat accumulation in your body that puts risk to your overall health. It’s a serious health issue that increases your risk of inviting other diseases such as diabetes, heart disease, and high blood pressure. It is also associated with poor mental health and low quality of life. 

Generally, obesity results from a variety of factors including genetic, environmental, diet and exercise choices. A person with a BMI (Body Mass Index) over 30 is obese while over 25 to 29 is considered overweight. The problem of obesity is growing in children and adults. 

Well, the majority of the obese people are found in developing countries where the rate of increase is 30 percent more than the developed countries. 

Causes 

The most common cause of obesity and overweight is the difference between calories consumed and calories expended, which basically means energy imbalance. 

  • On a global level, the intake of foods with high fat and high sugar are the most concerning cause of this disease. 
  • Other than that, people who don’t indulge in physical activity due to their sedentary lifestyle, is another rising cause of obesity. 
  • Environmental and social factors such as dietary changes are also responsible. 

Most of the Americans follow a diet rich in calorie intake and that too from junk food and beverages. This is the most common cause of obesity among the younger population. 

Effects 

Obesity has the capacity to reduce your overall quality of life. You might not be able to live your life as you used to be just because of obesity. An increased BMI can lead to some serious health problems such as –

  • Some types of cancers like liver, kidney, endometrial, ovarian, breast etc. 
  • Heart related diseases including stroke.
  • Cardiovascular diseases
  • injuries of the muscles, nerves, tendons, joints, cartilage, and spinal discs.
  • It also cause diabetes
  • Sexual problems. Obesity can lead to infertility and cause irregular periods in women. 

All these diseases are the effects of higher BMI.  Speaking of the children, obese kids also go through problems such as difficulty in breathing, rising risk of fractures, phsyhological effect and even hypertension. This problem also makes them less capable of enjoying their life in terms of playing or hanging out with friends. 

Is Obesity Genetic? 

Well, one cannot claim that genetic changes are responsible for obesity and being overweight. However, studies do suggest that the growing trend of physical inactivity and energy dense food might play a role in developing obesity. Some variants in genes can cause this disease by pushing hunger intake. And one of the common ways to control your hunger is to try some hunger controlling supplements. Visit this website to know more about appetite suppressor. 

Treatment 

The problem of obesity and being overweight is easily preventable. Making some environmental and social changes such as switching to a healthier diet and more heavy workout can reduce your excessive fat to a certain limit. And these are the easiest and affordable choices for anyone. 

Well, on a personal level, you can put a stop at your intake of food rich in high fats and sugars. This might be the only cause of your fat. You should also increase the amount of fruits and veggies in your diet at least three times a day. 

And the next natural way to control your fat is workout. No one can deny the fact how heavily a workout affects your body, be it weight gain or weight loss. Start running and doing other exercises to show your fat at the exit door. While you add all these things to your life, be sure to stay consistent with this plan. Consistency will only take you towards your goal and not a two-days lasting motivation. 

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